The stuarts were James I, Charles I, James II. Charles II, and they were absolute monarchy, they believed that their word was the law.
In English society there was a pyramid:
The middle class people
The peasants and serfs.
“Charles’s real difficulties came about because he constantly needed money to support his extravagant lifestyle and he had to go to parliament to get it. Parliament would agree to Charles’s request for more taxes only if he agreed to respect it’s wishes. Charles’s usually refused to accept parliament’s conditions. Sometimes he areed to them, fully intended to back out of the deal. In 1628, Charles recalled parliament, hoping that this time it would be more agreeable. Parliament told the king it would grant no money until the king ceased his illegal activities and until he signed a new charter called the “petition of Right.” The king dissolved parliament again and resolved to rule without it”
“Cromwell was a master soldier, but he had little sympathy for either the Presbyterians or the Catholics he conquered. He defeated the scots in two major battles, and ended their resistance.”
“When rebellions broke out in support of the king, the parliamentary army sent colonel Pride to drive the 143 Presbyterian members out of parliament. The “Rump Parliament” left by “Pride’s Purge” charged the king with treason and with making war on his own people, and put him on trial for his life”
“The puritans were a very large and powerful group among the dissenting protestants”
“a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge.”
“What the English republic called when the Rump Parliament voted to abolish the monarchy and the house of lords.”